The aim was to compensate for the loss of military power in the Middle Eastern Theatre of the First World War, when Russian (tsarist) troops withdrew from the Caucasus campaign, although they were replaced by troops from the First Republic of Armenia.  It was clear to the Italians that the territory allocated to them might not be easily abandoned by the Turkish Empire, so the British Prime Minister proposed a vague formula for post-war adjustment if the actual post-war allocation did not appear to be balanced. « Sykes-Picot was certainly a mistake, » Zikri Mosa, an adviser to Kurdistan President Masoud Barzani, told me. « It was like a forced marriage. It was doomed to fail from the beginning. It was immoral because he decided on people`s future without asking them. Peace Conference in Geneva after the Yom Kippur War. It will end on 31 May with an exit agreement with Egypt. The spectre of two officials of extra-regional powers, who meet in secret, sharing a region of the world between their own countries and spilling it into international treaties, is now unlikely. However, an initial agreement in principle between the main external players on the reconfiguration of the region will be necessary to allow this change. Syria and Iraq could become confederations without changing their current external borders. Internal boundaries are generally demarcated, so details are left to negotiations between future elements of the new political/federal structures. The proposed « new Sykes-Picot » will also contain a broad separation between the powers of the Centre and those of the units that make the Land. « Hundreds of thousands of people have been killed because of Sykes-Picot and all the problems it has caused, » Nawzad Hadi Mawlood, the governor of Iraq`s Erbil province, told me when I saw him this spring.
« It changed the course of history and nature. » In the Middle East, few men are pilloried these days, as much as Sir Mark Sykes and François Georges-Picot. Sykes, a British diplomat, travelled on the same lawn as T. E. Lawrence (of Arabia), served in the Buren War, inherited a Baronetcy and won a Conservative seat in Parliament. He died young, at the age of 39, during the flu epidemic of 1919. Picot was a French lawyer and diplomat who led a long but opaque life until his death in 1950, mainly in Backwater-Posten. But the two men continue to live in the secret agreement they were to devise during the First World War to divide the vast land mass of the Ottoman Empire into British and French spheres of influence. The Sykes-Picot agreement launched a nine-year process – and other agreements, declarations and treaties – that created the modern States of the Middle East out of the Ottoman carcass. The new frontiers looked little like the original sykes-picot map, but its map is still considered to be the cause of many things that have happened since. In May 2000, Israeli troops withdrew from Lebanon and President Clinton began separate talks in Washington and Geneva with Arafat and Assad in Syria. These negotiations would not produce tangible results, despite Clinton`s determination and major concessions from Ehud Barak. With the Palestinians, the agreement would have seen a 90% withdrawal from the West Bank with administrative rules in Jerusalem and in a group of Israeli settlements.
With the Syrians, there was a partial withdrawal from the Golan Heights, with security measures, and then the establishment of full diplomatic relations. The following eleven points included the formal agreements between Great Britain, France and Russia. The agreement was drawn up and negotiated by the country`s diplomats over the next few months and signed by the Allies between 18 August and 26 September 1917.  Russia was not represented in this agreement because the Tsarist regime was in the midst of a revolution.