The treaty provides that fishing vessels apply for permission to dock in a port and to inform the port of the details of its fishing activities. Permission to moor may be refused if the unregulated fishing has taken place. This measure is intended to prevent illegally caught fish from entering the market. Other measures of the treaty include inspection of ship equipment, paperwork, captures and recordings. Although the treaty does not require countries to apply these measures to ships flying their own flags, they may opt for this measure as part of the agreement.   Revised editionThe port state`s actions to prevent, combat and eliminate illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing is intended to prevent, deter and eliminate illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing by adopting and implementing effective port state measures as an instrument for long-term conservation and sustainable exploitation of living marine resources. The parties intend to fully and effectively apply the agreement, as port states, to vessels that are not authorized to fly their flags. It applies to these vessels when they apply for entry into the ports of the contracting parties or when they are in the port. Some small-scale fishing vessels and container ships are exempt. The agreement attaches particular importance to the demands of developing countries to support their efforts to implement the agreement. The agreement on port state measures to prevent, combat and eliminate illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing is a 2009 Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) international treaty aimed at preventing and eradicating illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing. Six signatory countries have not ratified the treaty: Angola, Benin, Brazil, Canada, Samoa and Sierra Leone. The full text of the agreement in English, French and Spanish can be read here.
The treaty entered into force on June 5, 2016, 30 days after it was ratified by a 25th state. Since September 2018, the treaty has 55 parties, including 54 states plus the European Union: the treaty was concluded on 22 November 2009 at the 36th session of the FAO conference in Rome. Eighty-one states negotiated and approved the text of the treaty.  23 states signed the treaty, up from open to signature in 2009 and 2010. The full text of the Agreement in Arabic is available here. . . .