Article 16 of The Turkey-EC Association Council`s Decision 1/95 on the implementation of the final phase of the customs union provides, among other things, that Turkey will take the necessary measures and negotiate mutually beneficial agreements with the countries concerned. The following agreements have been replaced by the customs union between the European Union and Turkey: ultimately, avoiding trade disruptions with Turkey is just another reason why the UK should give priority to a trade agreement with the EU before the end of the year. But even if the UK and Turkey manage to reach a free trade agreement, the future of their relations will depend on broader political developments, including the health of Turkey`s relations with the EU and the US. For example, if the EU imposes additional sanctions on Turkey before the end of the transition period, the UK will also have to apply them in accordance with the terms of the withdrawal agreement. More generally, the more Turkey comes into conflict with the EU, some Member States or the United States on issues such as Libya and the Eastern Mediterranean, the more complicated it becomes for the UK not to be involved in this argument. As one of Turkey`s closest partners, the UK should resist the temptation to conclude a trade agreement with Turkey without having done so with the EU before, as this would bring only limited benefits, but would further worsen relations between the EU and Turkey. At the same time, London should warn Ankara of the risks of a more confident foreign policy, encourage it to engage with its neighbours to resolve disputes and try to defuse tensions. Today, Turkey has begun free trade negotiations with 17 countries/countries. Turkey has actively engaged in negotiations with 9 of them; Japan, Ukraine, Peru, Indonesia, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Thailand, Pakistan, Turkey continue their efforts to continue the process of our ongoing free trade negotiations with Dem.
Rep of Congo, Djibouti, Cameroon, Chad, Seychelles, Gulf Cooperation Council, Libya and MERCOSUR. In addition, Turkey has initiated initiatives to begin negotiations with eight countries/countries, namely the United States, Canada, India, Vietnam, Central American countries, other ACP countries, Algeria and South Africa. The EU has decided to focus on bilateral trade agreements as an instrument for boosting growth, with the introduction of its new « Global Europe » trade strategy in 2006. In line with this strategy, the EU has begun negotiating free trade agreements with specific provisions on services, investment, public procurement and intellectual property rights, in order to increase/maintain its competitiveness in global markets. Turkey is preparing for such an environment. After starting and starting negotiations in parallel with the EU, Turkey is also adapting to all the issues covered in the agreements and negotiating next-generation free trade agreements with its potential partners. The modernized EFTA-Turkey Free Trade Agreement was signed on 25 June 2018 and includes trade in products (industrial products, seafood and seafood and processed agricultural products), trade in services, protection of intellectual property rights, public procurement, competition, trade and sustainable development.