Cfe Flank Agreement

1995 — CFE REDUCTIONS` REDUCTION IS terminated under the CFE contract and its limits come into full force. The United States announces that an agreement in principle has been reached to resolve the issue of the cfE flank. 1995 – November 21 DAYTON ACCORDS At a meeting in Dayton, Ohio, led by the United States, the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina was signed by the republics of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Yugoslavia. Schedules 1-A and 1-B of the agreement provide for the resolution of military and regional stabilization issues. Appendix 1-B requires all parties to enter into negotiations within 30 days to agree on numerical restrictions under the CFE Treaty on tanks, artillery, HAVA, combat aircraft and helicopter gunships. This regional arms control agreement will be concluded on 5 June 1996. The Flanc zone: to allay fears that one of the two alliances would launch an accompanying manoeuvre against the other, the treaty set specific limits on the number of tanks, ACV and artillery for the southern and northern flanks of Europe, including parts of Russia. Moscow has always tried to abolish the flank zone, believing that the boundaries were unfair because it is the only country (except Ukraine) to have specific borders where it can use the TLE on its own territory. Russian concerns were partially met in 1996, when the CFE parties agreed that Russia`s initial flank areas would apply to a smaller area, while Russia`s initial flank would have larger borders. However, all of Moscow`s borders at the CFE remained unchanged.

Although Russia did not respect the even higher flank limits of May 1996, Moscow respects its general contractual limits and has repeatedly stated that its flanks are only temporary. In January 1989, NATO and members of the Warsaw Treaty developed the mandate for the negotiations on conventional forces in Europe. The mandate set objectives for the CFE Treaty and set negotiating principles, and formal negotiations began on 9 March 1989 in Vienna. At a meeting between U.S. President George H.W. Bush and French President Francois Mitterrand in May, Bush announced the adoption of reductions in fighter jets and helicopters. He also proposed a cap of 275,000 employees deployed in Europe by the United States and the Soviet Union. Bush`s proposal was formally adopted at the 1989 NATO summit in Brussels and presented in Vienna. In November, the Berlin Wall broke down and in the following months, revolutions broke out in Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Romania and Bulgaria.

Bush and Gorbachev agreed to speed up arms control and economic negotiations. Bush proposed even more drastic cuts and the Soviet Union negotiated and concluded troop withdrawal agreements with warsaw treaty states. The first CFE Treaty Review Conference resolves the issue of flanks as well as the issue of Russian equipment removed from the ATT. Russia declares itself ready to freeze its tanks, ACV and artillery in the original geographic area of the flank area and to reduce these forces until 31 May 1999. In addition, the removal of certain loads from the original flank area creates a new, smaller area controlled by the original flank boundaries. 1997 – May 27 NATO-RUSSIA-FOUNDING ACT President Clinton and the leaders of other NATO nations, along with President Yeltsin, sign the founding law on mutual relations, cooperation and security between NATO and the Russian Federation.